2500 hotel beds and 3000 beds in a guest house [47][35] Kasbah Dar Debibagh is one of the newest kasbahs, built in 1729 during the Alaouite era at 2 km from the city wall in a strategic position. There are numerous historic mosques in the medina, some of which are part of a madrasa or zawiya. These were commercial structures which provided lodging for merchants and travelers or housed the workshops of artisans. [86] The layout of the traditional hammam in the region was inherited from the Roman bathhouse model. Meknès (en amazigh : ⴰⵎⴽⵏⴰⵙ Ameknas ; en arabe : مكناس Mknas) est une ville du nord du Maroc fondée en 711 par la tribu amazighe des Meknassas, qui lui a donné son nom. It has a population of 4,236,892 (2014 census). The city has been called the "Mecca of the West" and the "Athens of Africa," a nickname it shares with Cyrene in Libya. [86] The warm and hot rooms were heated using a traditional hypocaust system just as Roman bathhouses did, with furnaces usually located behind the hot room. Située au centre nord du Maroc, elle a été instituée conformément au décret n°2.15.10 du 20 Février 2015, fixant le nombre des régions, leurs noms, leurs chefs-lieux et les préfectures et provinces qui les composent, publié au Bulletin Officiel n° 6340 du 05 Mars 2015. [47]:296[35]:100 Today it is the oldest garden of Fes. [35][47] The crafts industry continues to this day and is still focused in the old city. Fes el-Bali is the site of the famous Qarawiyyin University and the Mausoleum of Moulay Idris II, the most important religious and cultural sites, while Fez el-Jdid is the site of the enormous Royal Palace, still used by the King of Morocco today. [6], Fez or Fas was derived from the Arabic word فأس Faʾs which means pickaxe, which legends say Idris I of Morocco used when he created the lines of the city. [81] Many bourgeois and aristocratic mansions were also accompanied by private gardens, especially in the southwestern part of Fes el-Bali, an area once known as al-'Uyun. Boasting a dynamic and diversified economy, the Fez-Meknes region contributed 9.4% to Morocco’s national GDP in 2018, fourth by economic output. [35] The oldest sections of the walls today thus date back to this time. Fès-Meknès in one of the twelve regions of Morocco, whose capital is the remarkable city of Fes. [5] It has the University of Al Quaraouiyine which was founded in 859 and is considered by some to be the oldest continuously functioning institute of higher education in the world. 56 likes. This architecture is characterised by construction techniques and decoration developed over a period of more than ten centuries, and where local knowledge and skills are interwoven with diverse outside inspiration (Andalusian, Middle Eastern and African). [89][86][87] They were generally built next to a well or natural spring which provided water, while the sloping topography of the city allowed for easy drainage. [47] Larger and richer mansions, such as the Dar Mnebhi, Dar Moqri, and Palais Jamaï (Jamai Palace), have also been preserved. Walking Tours in Meknes-Tafilalet Region; ... Fez to Meknes,Moulay Idriss & Volubilis (Private Day Trip) $223.97 per adult. Abd al-Malik himself also died during the battle and would be succeeded by Ahmad al-Mansur. [91][47] The lavish former mansion of the Glaoui clan, known as the Dar Glaoui, is partly open to visitors but still privately owned. Fez reached its golden age in the Marinid period, which marked the beginning of its official, historical narrative. Aziza Chaouni: Hybrid Urban Sutures: Filling in the Gaps in the Medina of Fez." [1] Its capital is Fez. [71][72] The Saadis also built a number of strong bastions in the late 16th century to assert their control over Fes, including notably the Borj Nord which is among the largest strictly military structures in the city and now refurbished as a military museum. On Tuesday, the Fez-Meknes region and the airline Air Arabia Maroc, one of the leaders in low cost air travel, signed a partnership agreement for better air connectivity of the region both nationally and internationally. These Almohad walls exist to this day as the outline of Fes el Bali. [47] Numerous palaces and riads are now utilized as hotels for the tourism industry. Weather, 2009, webpages: Cities of the Middle-East and North-Africa A historical enceclopedia. [103] Its main focus is its engineering school,[104] though it also offers diplomas in architecture, business, and law. In 1276 the Marinid sultan Abu Yusuf Yaqub also founded the royal administrative district of Fes el-Jdid, where the royal palace is still located today, to which extensive gardens were later added. Fès Prefecture (Fez Prefecture), Fès-Meknès Region, Morocco : These two historic cities are linked together and are usually referred to together as the "medina" of Fez, though this term is sometimes applied more restrictively to Fes el-Bali only. The Encyclopedia of World History", "Sufi Revival and Islamic Literacy: Tijaniyya Writings in Twentieth-Century Nigeria", "Morocco Compact - Millennium Challenge Corporation", "Weather history for Fez, Figuig, Morocco : Fez average weather by month", "Climatological Information for Fez, Morocco", "The normals data and climate variable descriptions are presented in these tables as provided by the WMO Member country", "Recensement général de la population et de l'habitat de 2004", "La corporation des tanneurs et l'industrie de la tannerie à Fès", "Business in Fez, Othman Benjelloun (Morocco)", "Pilgrimage, Spiritual Tourism and the Shaping of Transnational 'Imagined Communities': the Case of the Tidjani Ziyara to Fez", "Oldest higher-learning institution, oldest university", "Jnane Sbile or Bab Bou Jeloud garden in Fez", "Fès: Les fondouks de la médina restaurés et labellisés", "The Architecture of the Hammams of Fez, Morocco", "Histoire du Maroc : Palais Jamai, Patrimoine universel. With a strong cultural heritage, it features traditions and historical landmarks that amaze its visitors. Throughout the history, 13 kasbahs were constructed surrounding the old city. During this period, the two formerly divided cities known as Madinat Fas and al-'Aliya were united under a single enclosure. [35]:318 They also frequently served as venues for other commercial activities such as markets and auctions. After the death of Abdallah al-Ghalib a new power struggle would emerge, after Abd al-Malik would take Fez with Ottoman support and oust his nephew Abu Abdullah. One type of house known, centered around an internal courtyard, is known as a riad. Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of twin towns and sister cities in Morocco, "Medina of Fez – UNESCO World Heritage Centre", "Note de présentation des premiers résultats du Recensement Général de la Population et de l'Habitat 2014", "An architectural Investigation of Marinid and Watasid Fes", Roudh el-Kartas: Histoire des souverains du Maghreb, http://www.al-hakawati.net/english/Cities/fez.asp, "3. The region of Fez and Meknes has some of the best terroirs in Morocco for the production of quality olive oil. [50], The historic city of Fez consists of Fes el-Bali, the original city founded by the Idrisid dynasty on both shores of the Oued Fes (River of Fez) in the late 8th and early 9th centuries, and the smaller Fez el-Jdid, founded on higher ground to the west in the 13th century. [86], Many old private residences have also survived to this day, in various states of conservation. Almoravid impact on the city's structure was such that the second Almoravid ruler, Yusuf ibn Tashfin, is often considered to be the second founder of Fez. Hence, Morocco remained the only North-African state to deter and defeat the Ottomans.[28]. The order spread quickly among the literary elite of North West Africa, and its ulama, or theologians, had significant religious, intellectual, and political influence in Fes and beyond. Fez-Meknes (Arabic: فاس-مكناس ‎, romanized: fās maknās; Berber languages: ⴼⴰⵙ-ⵎⴽⵏⴰⵙ, romanized: fas mknas) is among the twelve Regions of Morocco. Ahmad al-Mansur still struggle with unemployment and fez meknès région precarity Al-'Aliya replaced Walili as the capital of.... 927 and expelled the Idrissids, after the fall of the traditional structure., started by Ahmad al-Mansur Fez recorded snowfall in three straight years in 2005 2006... The Construction of numerous forts, kasbahs, and in 1554 the Wattasids city contains several palaces... 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