While Irish immigrant labor made up most of the workforce, Chinese workers were also brought in to assist with construction. The Central Pacific Railroad was controlled by four men called the "Big Four". The companies finally met on May 10, 1869 in Promontory, Utah. What was the biggest obstacle in the way of the Union Pacific railroad's builders? The Central Pacific Railroad of California, chartered in 1861, was authorized to build a line east from Sacramento. Poster for the movie Union Pacific, 1939, presenting a fictional version of the building of the transcontinental railroad. On July 1, 1862, Congress passes and Abraham Lincoln signs the Pacific Railroad Bill. Thousands of Chinese laborers worked on the railroad and were the biggest workforce for the Central Pacific. It passed through several towns and cities including Sacramento, Omaha and then through Nebraska. From 1866 to 1869, the Central Pacific built 15 tunnels and the Union Pacific built 4 four tunnels on the transcontinental line. Initially, the American Civil War delayed the commencement of construction, while financial challenges meant that worker numbers were, at times, low in the early days of building. It was announced that two companies were to build the first transcontinental railroad, The Central Pacific Company and the Union Pacific Railroad the two chosen companies responsible for constructing this massive railroad. The main line was officially completed on May 10, 1869. In some cases on the Union Pacific, they were laying ties 40 miles ahead of the railroad because in the Union Pacific, the ties were actually to the west of them, so they were bringing them back to the railroad. As the federal government was waging the Civil War, Durant avoided its oversight on railroad construction. The construction of the first continental railroad was not only a feat but also a competition between two railroads, the western Central Pacific Railroad and eastern Union Pacific Railroad. The First Transcontinental Railroad in North America was built in the 1860s, linking the well developed railway network of the East coast with rapidly growing California. The Native Americans felt threatened by the "white man and his iron horse". On the west banks of the Missouri River in Omaha, Nebraska. The plain Indians was the biggest obstacle. Where did the Union Pacific (UP) Railroad start building? The Building of the Transcontinental Railroad. At first, the Union Pacific, which had flat terrain, raced ahead. To meet its manpower needs, the Central Pacific hired thousands of Chinese labourers, including many recruited from farms in Canton. The transcontinental railroad was also called the Pacific Railroad and the Overland Route. Lincoln agreed and by presidential decree prescribed the eastern terminus of the road to start in Council Bluff, Iowa. Dodge was adamant: the railroad must follow the Platte Valley and begin at Omaha-Council Bluffs. The transcontinental railroad was built to open up the interior and allow settlement in these areas, to make rural and unexplored areas accessible, and to ease the transportation of both goods and passengers from one area to another. | Source: https://bit.ly/2YTDBIk The TV series Hell on Wheels, about the building of the transcontinental railroad, was fictionalized but got a lot of the details right regarding the labor and engineering involved. The Chinese were hired to build The Transcontinental Railroad. The construction started in Omaha, Nebraska. The government gave the companies rights of way of 200 feet on each side of the track and financial aid of $16,000 to $48,000 for each mile of track laid. The railroad was built between 1863 and 1869 as a means of connecting the east and west coasts of the United States of America. Nothing happened more to the railroad … Where did the Union Pacific Railroad start? In the first two and a half years, the Union Pacific did not extend further than 40 miles west from Omaha, Nebraska. The building of it started when Abraham Lincoln signed the Pacific Railroad Act of 1862 into law during the American Civil War. (Stanford went on to found Stanford University.) The Central Pacific built east from Sacramento, Calif., while the Union Pacific built west from Omaha, Neb. At the start of construction the Central Pacific Railroad had no plans to hire Chinese workers. What did union pacific railroad receive from the government after building the transcontinental railroad? Central Pacific, an existing California railroad, would start in Sacramento and build east, while Union Pacific would start in the middle of the country, at the Missouri River between Council Bluffs and Omaha, and build west. 9. Russell's great photograph of the two locomotives meeting at Promontory Summit, and the oft-told story of the driving of the golden spike," says producer Verdoia. The Union Pacific did not begin serious building until General Dodge was placed in charge of construction. At the same time, the Act chartered the Union Pacific Railroad … Where did the Union Pacific start their construction of The Transcontinental Railroad? Bloody battles resulted from the railroad's appearance in these peoples lands. Who was the President when negotiations for building railroad began? Mobile Credit was established to siphons funds from the railroad. They received nothing after. But, if you are asking which railroad laid more track, the Union Pacific laid a bit over 1000 miles from Omaha to Promontory, while the Central Pacific laid a bit under 600 miles from Sacramento to Promontory. Building of the transcontinental railroad led to the near extinction of _____. The Act was later amended in various forms between 1863 – 1866. The Central Pacific Railroad (CPRR) would extend east from Sacramento across the Sierras and Nevada to meet the Union Pacific Railroad (UPRR) that stretched west through the plains from Council Bluffs, Iowa, and Omaha, Nebraska. Surveying for possible routes by the military, as discussed with regard to G. K. Warren, began at the impetus of Secretary of War Jefferson Davis. The railroad was the idea of President Abraham Lincoln, but it was not completed until 4 years after his assassination. To construct the transcontinental railroad, the Central Pacific and Union Pacific railroad companies built tracks with one starting from the East and one starting from the West, meeting at a midway point. It started with the signing of the Pacific Railway Act of 1862 by President Abraham Lincoln. As they built the railroad, the Union Pacific workers faced many struggles with the Native Americans. 808 views View 1 … Central Pacific Railroad started building the railroad in Sacramento, Calif., while Union Pacific Railroad, started building in Omaha, Nebr. The Central Pacific began laying track eastward from Sacramento, California, in 1863, and the Union Pacific started westward from Omaha, Nebraska, two years later. They were Leland Stanford, Collis P. Huntington, Mark Hopkins, and Charles Crocker. Much of it was built by the Central Pacific Railroad, building east from Sacramento, California, and the Union Pacific Railroad building West from Omaha, Nebraska. Grenville M. Dodge, Chief Engineer Union Pacific Railroad Plans and discussion for a transcontinental railroad linking California to the east date prior to 1853. While building, they were granted land and large loans. The original company, Union Pacific Rail Road (UPRR), was created and funded by the federal government by Pacific Railroad Acts of 1862 and 1864. Union Pacific Is Born: Building The Transcontinental Railroad This event corresponded with Union Pacific's incorporation although some time passed before construction actually commenced. Union Pacific celebrates the shared stories that have shaped our country since 1862. The Union Pacificcame into existence on July 1st1862. The roles of the Associates and the Central Pacific’s construction of the western leg of America’s first transcontinental railroad are laid out in detail in the past three articles. The men, many of them from Canton in southern China, had demands: They wanted pay equal to whites, shorter workdays, and better conditions for building the country’s first transcontinental railroad. the first communication revolution in the United States. We invite you to explore how the nation’s largest railroad came to be and how UP continues to build America with innovation and tenacity, touching the lives of nearly every citizen. The two railroads were joined at Promontory, Utah, on May 10, 1869 (see Golden Spike National Historic Site). Alth… However, they fought through and continued to build. Nearly three years later, the Union Pacific started in Omaha on November 5, 1865, building west over the plains of Nebraska. The company was founded and funded as a result of the Pacific Railroad Act, signed on this date by then President Abraham Lincoln. Work on the Union Pacific began slowly and not productively. Of this distance, nine miles were taken up in one of Durant’s oxbows. Really, the American people, in the sense that crossing the country went from being a months long trek to a few days on a train. Dave Seidel, Union Pacific Museum volunteer: We are here where the Union Pacific railroad began. The document endorses Central Pacific efforts to build the California line while simultaneously chartering a Union Pacific Railroad Company to build west from the Missouri River. The total length of the First Transcontinental Railroad was 1,776 miles. The original rail line was built westward 1,006 miles (1,619 km) from Omaha, Nebraska, to meet the Central Pacific, which was being built eastward from Sacramento, California. 11. "For most of us, the transcontinental railroad is little more than two images: A.J. The laws were passed as war measures to forge closer ties with California and Oregon, which otherwise took six months to reach. The Central Pacific used black power during most of the construction phase of the railroad, but the Summit Tunnel through the highest point of the Sierra Nevada range proved a formidable obstacle that necessitated the use of nitroglycerin. While the Associates risked their personal wealth in accomplishing their task, the project required far more in resources than they could muster from individual investors. Building the roadbed, laying the rails and so forth was the work of thousands of Irish immigrants, civil war veterans from both sides, some free blacks, Native Americans and others. Beginnings: 19th century. In addition to natural barriers such as rivers and the Rocky Mountains, the Union Pacific also faced many people-driven obstacles. The first major event was a groundbreaking ceremony on December 2, 1863. 10. The route they built was westward from CouncilBluffs Iowa to Promontory Summit, Utah territory. 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